Dr Ariel Bergmann has been an economist at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy since 2009. He has consulted, advised and provided educational training for numerous developing countries on the use of fiscal regimes and taxation instruments to maximise the creation of benefits from mineral and petroleum resource development. Dr Bergmann has also conducted research on pathways to sustainable social and economic development in Africa from the exploitation of exhaustible natural resources. Currently, Dr Bergmann has a very active research agenda examining the local/regional level socio-economics impacts of shale gas development in the United Kingdom and the European Community. This is a continuation of his career long interest in the environmental, social and economic impacts on local communities from deployment of energy projects. Dr Bergmann earned his Ph.D. (2006) from the University of Glasgow after moving from Colorado in 2002.